Active speaker localization with circular likelihoods and bootstrap filtering

Abstract

This paper deals with speaker localization in two dimensions from a mobile binaural head. A bootstrap particle filtering scheme is used to perform active localization, i.e. to infer source location by fusing the binaural perception with the sensor motor commands. It relies on an original pseudo-likelihood of the source azimuth which captures both the interaural level and phase differences. Since the pseudo-likelihood is discrete, it is fitted with a mixture of circular distributions in order to enhance its resolution. For the fitting task two mixtures are compared and evaluated, namely the mixture of von Mises and wrapped Cauchy distributions. Furthermore, a solution is presented for calculating the von Mises curvefitting with low uncertainty, since the direct implementation can quickly surpass double precision floating number representation. The performance of the filter is compared using both the raw and fitted pseudo-likelihoods on experiments recorded in an acoustically prepared room with ground-truth obtained from a motion capture system. The results show that the proposed algorithm successfully localizes the speaker with an advantage in the direction of the fitted von Mises mixture likelihood.

Publication
in 2013 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems